10 Different Types of Air Conditioners

Different Types of Air Conditioners
Photo by Maxwell Odonkor

Since there are different types of air conditioners on the market right now, you may want to consider some factors. These may include the size of your home, your needs for cooling, and your budget.

Electrical appliances such as air conditioners are widely used in all kinds of places, including homes, businesses, and retail stores.

Almost every home has an air conditioner, regardless of the type. Every house needs an air conditioner, and they make up a significant amount of the necessary appliances.

On the other hand, the right decision must be made when it comes to cooling, comfort, and energy consumption, all of which are intertwined. There are several different types of air conditioners to be aware of. 

1. Central Air Conditioning System

This type of air conditioning system is ideal when you need to cool several rooms at once or have a large space. A split system regulates air flow in your home’s ducts, which is how these air conditioners function. The ducted system is another name for this system.

Refrigerant is also used in the central air conditioning system to remove heat from the inside air. The warm air is expelled to the outside, while the cooler air is drawn in through units’ ductwork.

This is one of the different types of air conditioners that may be paired with the newest HVAC technology and programmable thermostats for a better experience.

2. Geothermal Air Conditioner

One of the most recent developments in air conditioning is the use of geothermal energy. Cooling in your house may be controlled using a system that uses Earth’s temperature.

When it’s hot outdoors, you may use this insulating quality of the Earth to cool or heat your house, depending on what the weather looks like outside. The installation of a geothermal air conditioner necessitates an extensive pipe system.

This system, also known as an earth loop, is buried beneath your house and is responsible for transporting water from the ground to your house and back again.

In the winter, the Earth’s heat is absorbed by water. The Earth’s surface absorbs the water’s heat during the summer months. These systems don’t use fossil fuels to create heat because the Earth’s temperature is always changing.

3. Ductless Mini-split Air Conditioner

To get better cooling efficiency without having to worry about running any ductwork, you may want to consider a ductless mini-split air conditioner.

Modern residences and buildings, in particular, benefit greatly from the use of ductless systems. Several interior units accompany the compressor and condenser of this type of air conditioner.

Most of these system’s interior components are wall-mounted and are equipped with air blowers. Tubing serves as the medium for establishing the connection between the interior and outdoor units.

The route that the refrigerant takes through these tubes varies according to the nature of the activity being carried out by the system.

Since the interior units are tiny and compact, the space where they are often placed may be used for either heating or cooling reasons.

This is one of the different types of air conditioners that are the most energy-efficient but also the most expensive.

If you plan to put one in every room of your home, you’ll save a lot of money by using these. This implies that you may use your phone to manage the ductless mini-split units and the remote control that comes with the units.

4. Window Air Conditioners

A window air conditioner is a self-contained unit that is normally installed in a window. A hole can also be made in an exterior wall of a room and used to install them, but this is not something you should do on your own.

For apartments and single-story buildings, window air conditioners are the best option. They are available in a wide range of sizes and designs to accommodate several window types.

Cool air is produced in greater quantities in larger units. However, window air conditioners have a restricted cooling capacity due to their tiny size and fixed position.

Window air conditioners are often the most cost-effective type of air conditioning to purchase; however, their airflow might be restricted.

Many people install several window air conditioners around their residence to avoid this restriction. Put one on each floor of your house and use fans to circulate the air to make it appear like a central air system.

However, this isn’t the best option in terms of energy efficiency because it would use a lot of power. Also, window units are small enough to take with you when you move.

5. Portable Air Conditioner

Window air conditioners, which are single-unit systems with all their components contained within, may be compared to portable air conditioners because both are ac units.

Since it’s a free-standing unit, you can move it anywhere you want it to be. All you need is a power outlet to get it going and a window to vent the exhaust air out of to keep it running smoothly.

This is among the different types of air conditioners that can be used to cool temporary spaces or in places where a window or split air conditioner installation is not feasible.

In kennels and public restrooms, several types are in use. Air may be drawn in from the room and expelled outside with these single-hose portable AC.

The portable unit’s evaporator fan is always running to remove the condensed moisture that has built up inside the device.

6. Swamp Cooler Air Conditioner

Evaporative coolers are another name for swamp coolers. Air, water, and an evaporator fan are all that is needed to cool down space with this type of Air Conditioner.

Excess moisture may be evaporated into the air by using evaporator-type fans. Temperatures that allow maximal evaporation are ideal for its use.

They are not good cooling devices for humid regions as a humidifier substitute. Swamp coolers are an environmentally friendly alternative to traditional cooling systems.

They utilize less power, do not require refrigerants, and do not discharge carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

7. Floor-mounted Air Conditioner

If you want a mini-split system but don’t have the room for a wall-mounted unit, a floor-mounted air conditioner may be the best option for you.

As a result, there is no need for ductwork when installing these type of air conditioners as they have an internal unit that sits on the floor.

This is one of the different types of air conditioners that is ideal for buildings with inclined walls, such as those made of delicate materials like glass.

It is possible to raise the unit to six inches above the floor by creating a tiny hole in the wall from which it is connected to the outside unit. You can quickly check the air filters, which are great for people with breathing problems.

It is also great for those who want to keep their indoor air quality as pure as possible, thanks to the placement of these AC units.

If you’re looking to swiftly cool or heat a space, floor-mounted devices are your best choice. To cool the room evenly and efficiently, these are the units that are fixed on the wall at the height of at least three feet.

8. Smart Air Conditioner

IoT-enabled smart AC is a type of AC similar to a split, window, or portable air conditioner, but with the added benefit of being able to monitor and control it remotely.

In addition to being Wi-Fi enabled, these devices are equipped with a native app that allows them to be controlled from any smartphone.

These devices have a wide range of features that may be accessed through mobile phones. Weekly scheduling, comfortable mode, and temperature control are just a few of the many options available.

These are just a few of the features that can help you save money and energy at the same time.

9. Packaged Terminal Air Conditioner

Commercial buildings like hotels and hospitals, as well as recently refurbished ones, frequently have PTAC systems installed. This type of air conditioning system is also known as a wall-split system.

Two separate units are connected through an aperture in the wall between them in a PTAC, unlike wall air conditioners.

This is among the different types of air conditioners that are ideal for cooling single rooms. They can, however, be utilized as an additional cooling unit in an area that is already air-conditioned.

When one room is very warm, a PTAC will prevent you from having to turn up your conditioning in all of your other rooms only to cool down the one you’re in.

They are inserted through the walls, commonly below windows and close to the ground, with the exhaust outlet facing the outdoors.

Ductless systems are more convenient to install than traditional central air conditioning units. The majority of PTACs may also be used as heaters.

10. Hybrid or Dual Fuel Air Conditioner

A hybrid air conditioning unit combines a gas furnace with an electric air-source heat pump to give a cost-effective and efficient performance.

This type of device is also known as a “split system.” The device is proven to automatically transition between burning fossil fuels and using electricity depending on the outside temperature.

The thermostat can be programmed or manually changed to transition from the heat pump to the furnace. During the summer, the heat pump does its job as intended, discharging the hot air it has collected within into the outside air.

In the winter, the same process is reversed, with the heat being dispersed throughout a room. The furnace comes on when the temperature drops so low that a heat pump can no longer perform effectively.

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